There are various kinds of cancers that seem to affect everyone. Even if you don’t have it, you probably know someone who does. It can be a frightening topic, however, it is important to know that with some types of cancers, the risk can be lowered or be prevented. The monthly newsletter by Gallagher Insurance, Risk Management and Consulting, describes the cancer type and how to prevent it.
Cancer Prevention: Men
- Prostate Cancer: The risk increases with age, the older a man gets, the more likely he is to get prostate cancer. Know your family history as well and get checked by a doctor as you get older.
- Colon Cancer: This normally starts with a growth on the lining of your rectum. If you notice you have this, get it tested and removed before it becomes cancerous.
- Lung Cancer: The best way to reduce your risk is by not smoking. Even if you are a non-smoker, you should still follow the screening guidelines for lung cancer.
- Skin Cancer: Everyone is at risk for skin cancer. This kind of cancer can be prevented by using good sunscreens, avoiding the sun or staying in the shade during the middle of the day. Also be aware of changing or growing moles on your skin, if you do notice a new or changed mole, consult your doctor.
Cancer Prevention: Women
- Brest Cancer: This is the most common (not skin-related) cancer among women. The risk increases with age so it is important to get checked more with increasing age.
- Endometrial Cancer: This occurs in the lining of the uterus and is most common at a time of menopause. A Pap test does not test for endometrial cancer so discuss if specific testing may be necessary with your doctor.
- Cervical Cancer: Screening for Cervical Cancer includes a Pap test, which should be done by your doctor every 3 years after the age of 21.
- Ovarian Cancer: This can affect anyone. Risk increases with age, and for those who have never had children, have unexplained infertility, or have their first child after the age of 20.
- Colon, Skin and Lung Cancer: Don’t smoke, follow cancer screening guidelines, know your family history, eat fruits and vegetables, use sunscreen, stay active and maintain a healthy weight.
With all of these for both men and women, it is important to detect these early as it is easier to treat.
Below are screening guidelines by Gallagher.